Le bourdon La plus grosse des cloches de Notre-Dame est située dans la tour sud. En campanologie, elle se nomme « bourdon ». Elle sonne pour les grandes occasions comme les fêtes de Noël, Pâques, Pentecôte, ou la Toussaint et lors d’évènements comme la mort ou l’élection du Pape. Le bourdon de Notre-Dame est fondu en 1683 et baptisé Emmanuel par son parrain Louis XIV. Cette cloche, considérée comme l’une des plus belles d’Europe, sonne en fa dièse. Son diamètre à la base est de 2,62 m pour une épaisseur de 21 cm. Il pèse 13 tonnes, dont 500 kilos pour son battant. https://www.notredamedeparis.fr/decouvrir/architecture/les-cloches/
*****RED ALERT: Latest News on the #CoronavirusCOVID19 epidemic:
As of 04/17/2020: At least 2,258,926 cases of infected patients in 211 countries and territories, and at least 154,686 deaths worldwide. Source: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
UNITED STATES: The US has recorded at least 706,779 cases, including more than 37,079 deaths.
FRANCE: 109,252 cases (+405 in the lst 24H) and 18,681 deaths (+761 in the last 24H). 31,190 people are hospitalized with 6,027 patients in ICU (34% are under 60 and 98 patients are under 30). 34,420 people have recovered and left the hospital to date. Of the 2,300 sailors on board the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, 1,081 have already tested positive to the coronavirus.
ITALY: 172,434 cases and 22,745 deaths to date.
SPAIN: 190,839 cases and 20,002 deaths to date.
GREAT BRITAIN: 108,692 cases and 14,576 deaths to date.
GERMANY: 141,397 cases and 4,352 deaths to date.
04/16/2020: At least 2,167,955 cases of infected patients in 211 countries and territories, and at least 146,055 deaths worldwide. Source: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
UNITED STATES: The US has recorded at least 671,425 cases, including more than 33,286 deaths.
FRANCE: 165,027 cases (+17,164 cases detected in the last 24H in hospitals + nursing homes/EHPAD) and 17,920 deaths (+753 in the last 24H). 31,305 people are hospitalized (-474 since yesterday) with 6,248 patients in ICU (-209 since yesterday). 32,812 patients have recovered and left the hospital (+1,857).
ITALY: 168,941 cases and 22,170 deaths (+525 in the last 24H) to date.
SPAIN: More than 185,000 cases and 19,516 deaths (+585 in the last 24 H) to date.
GREAT BRITAIN: 103,093 cases and 13,729 deaths (+861 in the last 24H) to date.
GERMANY: 138,135 cases and 4,093 deaths to date.
04/15/2020: At least 2,072,228 cases of infected patients in 211 countries and territories, and at least 137,666 deaths worldwide. Source: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
UNITED STATES: The US has recorded at least 639,664 cases, including more than 30,985 deaths.
FRANCE: 106,206 cases (+2,633 in the last 24H) and 17,167 deaths. 31,779 people are hospitalized (-513 since yesterday) with 6,457 patients in ICU. This data includes the 1800 sailors on board the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle who have been tested. With 70% of the tests already in, 668 have tested positive (31 sailors are hospitalized and one sailor is in ICU).
ITALY: 165,155 cases and 21,645 deaths to date.
SPAIN: 180,659 cases and 18,812 deaths to date.
UNITED KINGDOM: 98,476 cases and 12,868 deaths to date.
GERMANY: 134,753 cases and 3,804 deaths to date.
April 15, 2019 – April 15, 2020
« Plus haut que la rosace centrale, il y avait une grande flamme qui montait entre les deux clochers avec des tourbillons d’étincelles, une grande flamme désordonnée et furieuse dont le vent emportait par moments un lambeau dans la fumée ».
“On the crest of the highest gallery, higher than the central rose window, there was a great flame rising between the two towers with whirlwinds of sparks, a vast, disordered, and furious flame, a tongue of which was borne into the smoke by the wind, from time to time.”
Victor HUGO « Notre-Dame de Paris » “The Hunchback of Notre Dame” (1831)
News 3 Ways to Visit Notre Dame Cathedral in VR
A year after the blaze, Notre Dame’s rebuild is on hold due to coronavirus
Credit: Chesnot/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Written by Oscar Holland, CNN
Contributors Alaa Elassar, CNN
It has been a year to the day since a fire devastated the Notre Dame cathedral, causing its spire to collapse and leaving the 850-year-old church’s future in doubt.
The blaze, which French prosecutors say may have been started by a cigarette or electrical malfunction, elicited solidarity and donations from around the world last April. But with the coronavirus shutdown bringing restoration efforts to a standstill — and the country’s attention now focused elsewhere — the somber anniversary is set to pass with little fanfare.
Work at the Paris site has been suspended since March 16, when France introduced widespread measures to help control the spread of Covid-19. And despite the months of recovery work already undertaken, there is ongoing uncertainty about the full extent of the damage.
Army general Jean-Louis Georgelin, President Emmanuel Macron’s special representative for the reconstruction, told the French Senate in late January that it was too early to tell whether the cathedral could be saved. He reported that a number of delicate tasks still needed to be completed in order to fully ascertain the structure’s condition, including accessing ceiling vaults for inspection and removing the scaffolding that had been erected before the blaze and had partially melted. Georgelin also said that large amounts of lead dust at the site posed a contamination risk that he was taking “very seriously.”
The director of the laboratory tasked with assessing the ruins, Aline Magnien of the Historical Monuments Research Laboratory (LRMH), struck an optimistic tone last month, telling Science magazine that “the heart of Notre Dame had been saved.”
“What matters isn’t the roof and vault so much as the sanctuary they protect,” she was quoted as saying, adding: “Notre Dame will be restored. Its artwork, stone and stained glass will be cleaned; it will be more luminous and beautiful than before.”
Dismantling of the scaffolding was due to be completed in June, though France’s Ministry of Culture has not yet responded to CNN’s requests about how the suspension of work may impact the restoration timeline — or how realistic Macron’s initial plans to reopen the landmark by 2024 remain. The French president’s priorities lie elsewhere, and on Monday evening he used a televised address to announce that the nationwide shutdown would continue for another month.
In the balance
Among the many other uncertainties is whether the process of designing a new spire will be affected by the lockdown. Last year, France’s Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced an international competition to pick a new design, with a winning proposal initially expected to be announced in the first half of this year. Whether this new spire should be modeled on the one lost — itself the result of a 19th-century restoration — or something more contemporary has been a topic of heated debate.
It is also yet to be revealed how much of the 850 million euros ($928 million) pledged by donors for restoration efforts will materialize. One of the organizations raising funds for the project, the Fondation du Patrimoine, said last week that more than 92% of the 228 million euros ($249 million) it had been pledged were “firm and final commitments,” though only 38% of that sum has been cashed.
The Notre Dame Foundation, set up to raise funds in the wake of the fire, said it has thus far collected 55.8 million euros ($60.9 million), more than had of which has already been invested.
The organization also reported a further 319 million euros ($348 million) in commitments, with the Center des Monuments Nationaux and the Fondation de France also tasked with raising donations.
Auxiliary Bishop of Paris Denis Jachiet, center, and Archbishop of Paris Michel Aupetit, left, attend a meditation ceremony to celebrate Good Friday in a secured part of Notre Dame. Credit: Ludovic Marin/Pool/AFP/Getty Images
The site has not been completely silent during lockdown. Paris Archbishop Michel Aupetit was one of seven people — some of whom wore facemasks and hazmat suits — to record a televised Good Friday service in a secured part of the cathedral last week.
“A year ago, the cathedral was destroyed,” Aupetit told CNN affiliate BFMTV before the service.
“Today the country is ravaged by a pandemic. There’s always a message of hope, and this celebration at the heart of the cathedral will be the sign of our hope.”
CNN’s Pierre Bairin, Ya Chun Wang, Benjamin Berteau and Fanny Bobille contributed to this report.